Susruta’s Classification of Drugs to 37 groups 1. Vidaarigandhaadi gana Vidaarigandhaa (Saalparnee), Vodaaree, Viswadevaa (Gaangarukee), Sahadevaa (a variety of Bala), Swadamshtraa (Gokshura), Prithakparnee (Prisniparnee), Sataavaree, Saaribaa, Krishna Saaribaa, Jeevaka and Rishabhaka, Mahaasa haa (Maashaparnee), Kshudrasahaa (Mudgaparnee), Brihatee, Kantakaaree, Punarnavaa, Eranda, Hamsapaadi, Vrischikaalee and Rishabhee. The Vidaarigandhaadigana counteracts Vaata and Pitta; it is useful in Sosha (emaciation), Gulma (tumour), Angamarda (bodily soreness), Oordhwaswaasa (a kind of Swaasa) and Kaasa (cough). 2. Aaragwadhaadi gana Aaragwadha, Madana, Gopaghonta (Karkotee), Kantakee (Vikamkata), Kutaja, Paathaa, Paatalaa, Moorvaa, Indrayava, Saptaparna, Nimba, Kurantaka, Daaseekurantaka, Gudoochee, Chitraka, Saarngeshtaa (Kaakajanghaa), Karanja and Vitapakaranja, Patola, Kiraatatiktaka and Sushavee (Kaaravella). The Aaragwadhaadigana checks Kapha and Poison; it is also useful in Prameha, Kushta, Jwara, Vami (vomiting), Kandu (itching) and it purifies Vrana (Dushta). 3. Varunaadi gana Varuna, Aartagala (Kakubha), Sigru, Madhu Sigru, Tarkaaree, Mesha Sringee (karkatasringee), Pooteeka (Chirabilva), Naktamaala (Brihat Karanja), Morata (Ankolapushpa), Agnimandha, two kinds of Saireyaka 9of red and blue flowers), Bimbee, Vasuka (Buka), Vasira (Markatapippalee), Chitraka, Sataavari, Bilwa, Ajasringee (Chagalavishanikaa), Darbha (Kusa), Brihatee and Kantakaari. This Varunaadigana checks Kapha and Medas; it is also useful in headache, Gulma, and Aabhyantara vidradhi (internal abscess). 4. Veeratarwaadigana Veerataru (Savara), two kinds of Sahachara, Darbha, Vrikshaadanee, Gundraa (Paadaraka bhedah), Nala, Kusa, Kaasa, Asmabhedaka, Agnimandha, Morataa (Ankollapushpa), Vasuka, Vasira, Bhallooka, Kurantaka, Indeevara, Kapotavankaa, and Swadamshtra (Gokshura). 5. Saalasaaraadi gana Saalasaara, Ajakarna (Sarja), Khadira Kadara (Swetasaara), Kaalaskandha, Kramuka (Pooga), Bhoorja, Meshasringa (Karkatasringi), Tinisa (Syandana), Chandana, Kuchandana, Simsapaa, Sireesha, Asana (Beejaka). Dhava (Sakata), Arjuna (Kakubha), Taala, Saaka, Naktamaala, Pooteeka, Aswakarna, Agaru and Kaaleeyakam (Malendree chandanam). This gana is very helpful in Kushta. It also acts as a curative in Prameha, Paandu (anaemia) and lessens Kapha and Medas. 6. Rodhraadigana Rodhra, Saavaralodhra, Palaasa, Kutannata, Asoka, Phanjee (Bhaarngee), Katphala, Elaavaalukam, Sallakee, Jinginee, Kadamba, Saala and Kadalee. The Rodhraadigana lessens Medas and Kapha; it is curative of Yoni Dosha (disorders of Yoni); it is astringent (Stambhee), develops complexion (Varnya), and mitigates the poisons (Vishavinaasana). 7. Arkaadigana Arka, Alarka (Sweta Arka), Karanja, Vitapakaranja, Naagadantee, Mayooraka (Apaamaarga), Bhaargee, Raasnaa, Indrapushpee, Kshudra Swetaa (Sephanda), Mahaaswetaa, Vrischikaalee, Alavanaa (Jyotishmatee), and Taapasa Vriksha (Induda). The Arkaadigana checks Kapha, Medas and Visha; it is helpful also in Krimi, Kushta and is chiefly a purificator of Vranas (Viseshaat Vrana Sodhanah). 8. Surasaadigana Surasaa (Krishna Tulasee), Sweta Surasaa (Sweta Tulasee), Phanijjaka (Maruvaka), Arjaka (Swetakutheraka), Bhoosthrina (Angudaaka), Sugandhaka (Dronapushpa), Sumukha (Raajikaa), Kaalamaala (Krishnamallikaa), Kaasamarda, Kshavaka (‘Chinkine’), Kharapushpaa (Kshavakabhedah), Vidanga, Katphala, Surasee (‘Bilwanasee’), Nirgundee, Kulaahala (Mundikaa), Undurukarnika (mooshika Karnikaa), Phanjee (Bhaargee), Praacheebala (Matsyaakshaka), Kaakamaachee, and Vishnumustika. Suraasadigana checks Kapha and destroys Krimees (Parasites); it is also useful in cold, loss of appetite, hard breathing and cough; it purifies (Dushta) Vrana. 9. Mushkakaadigana Mushkaka (Kshaaravriksha), Palaasa (Kinsuka), Dhava, Chitraka, Madana, Vrikshaka (Kutaja), Simsapaa, Vajravriksha and Thriphala (Hareetaki, Vibheetaki and Aamalaki). Mushkakaadigana reduces Medas and is useful in Sukradosha (impurity of Semen); it also acts as a curative in Prameha, Arsas, Paanduroga and Sarkara. 10. Pippalyaadigana Pippalee, Pippaleemoola, Chavya, Chitraka, Sringabera (Sunthee), Maricha, Hastipippalee (Gajapippalee), Harenuka, Elaa, Ajamodaa, Indrayava, Paathaa, Jeeraka, Sarshapa, Mahaanimbaphala, Hingu, Bhaarngee, Madhursaa (Moorvaa), Ativisha, Vachaa, Vidanga, and Katurohinee. Pippalyaadigana reduces Kapha Dosha, cold (Pratisyaaya), Vaata, anorexia, Gulma and pain (Soola); it creates appetite (deepana) and digests (resolves) AamaDosha (Aama Paachana). 11. Elaadigana Ela, Tagara, Kushta, Maamsee, Dhyaamaka (Kattrina), Twak, Patra (Patrakam), Naagapushpa (Naagakesara), Priyangu, Harenuka, Vyaaghranakha, Sukti, (Vyaaghranakhabheda), Chandaa, Sthouneyaka (Thuneraka), Sreeveshtaka (Saraladruma), Chocha, Charaka, Vaaluka, Guggulu, Sarjarasa Turushka (Sihlaka), Kunduraka (Sallakee (Chopa), Agaru, Sprukkaa, Useera, Bhadradaaru, Kunkumam and Punnagakesara. Elaadigana checks Vasta and Kapha and Visha (Poison); it creates luster of the skin (Varna prasaada); it destroys itching (Kandoo), Pidakaa (Disease with elevated skin on account fo an abcess etc) and Kotha (eruption on skin). 12. Vachaadigana Vachaa, Mustaa, Ativishaa, Abhayaa, Bhadradaaru, and Naagakesara constitute Vachaadigana. 13. Haridraadi gana Haridraa, Daaruharidraa, Kalasee (Prisniparnee), Kutajabeeja and Yastimadhu constitute Haridraadigana. Both Vachaadigana and Haridraadigana purify the breast-milk, act as amelioratives (Samana) in Aamaateesaara; they are especially digestive of the Doshaas (Viseshaat Doshapaachanou). 14. Syaamaadigana Syaamaa (Sweta Trivrut), Mahaasyaama (Vriddhadaaraka), Trivrut (having red root), Dantee, Sankhinee (Yavatiktabhedah), Tilvaka (Rodhra), Kampillaka (Rochanikaa), Ramyaka (Mahaanimba), Kramuka, Putrasrence, Gavaakshee, Raajavriksha, Karanja, Vitapakaranja, Gudoochi, Saptala (Snuheebheda), Chagalaantree (Vriddhadaarakabheda), Sudhaa (Sehunda) and Suvarnaksheeri. Syaamaadigana checks Gulma and Visha (poison), Aanaaha (distension of abdomen), Udara, and Udaavarta; it causes free evacuation of the bowels. 15. Brihatyaadigana Brihatee, Kantakaarika, Kutajaphala, Paathaa, and Madhukam (Yashtimadhu). Brihatyaadigana is a digestive (Paachaneeya); it checks Vaata and Pitta. It is also beneficial in Arochaka (Anorexia) due to Kapha, Hridroga, Mootrakrichra (Dysuria) and a kind of pain during urination. 16. Patolaadigana Patola, Chandana, Kuchandana, (Raktachandana), Moorvaa, Gudooche, Paathaa and Katurohinee. Patolaadigana cures Pitta, Kapha and Arochaka (anorexia); it allays Jwara; it is beneficial in Vranas, and cures vomiting, itching and Visha (poison). 17. Kaakolyaadigana Kaakolee, Ksheerakaakolee, Jeevaka, Rishabhaka, Mudgaparnee, Maashaparni, Medaa, Mahaamedaa, Chinnaruhaa (Gudoochee), Karkatasringee, Tugaaksheeree (Vamsalochanaa), Padmaka, Prap0oundareeka, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Mridweeka (Draakshaa), Jeewantee and Madhukam. Kaakolyaadigana cures Pittasonita (Rakta vitiated by Pitta; or Pitta and Sonita) and Vaayu. It is Jeevana (increases vitality), Brimhana (promotes bodily growth), Vrishya (increases semen), and increases breast-milk and Kapha. 18. Ooshakaadigana Ooshaka (Kshaaramrittika), Saindhavalavana, Silaajathu. Kaaseesadwaya (Vaalukaaseesam and Pushpukaaseesam), Hingu and Tuththtaka. Ooshakaadigana allays Kapha and diminishes Medas; it acts as curative in Asmaree (stone), Sarkaraa (sand in urine), Mootrakrichchra and Gulma. 19. Saaribaadigana Saribaa, Madhuka (Yashtimadhu), Chandana, Kuchandana (Raktachandana), Padmaka, Kaasmareephala, Madhookapushpa and Useeram. Saaribaadigana all ays thirst and Raktapitta. It is beneficial in Pittajwara and cures Daaha (burning sensation) especially. 20. Anjanaadi Gana Anjana (Souveeraanjanam), Rasaanjanam, Naagapushpa (Naagakesaram), Priyangu, Neelotpala, Nalanda (Maamsee), Nalinakesara (Padmakesra) and Madhukam. This Gana cures Raktapitta; it is beneficial in Visha (poisoning), and it allays internal burning sensation. 21. Parooshakaadi Gana Parooshakaa, Draakshaa, Katphala, Daadima, Raajadana (Ksheerika), Katakaphala and Saakaphalas (fruits of a tree named Saaka). (Fruits of all the above drugs should be used). Parooshakaadigana cures Vaata and disordered urine; it is pleasant to take (Hridya); it allays thirst and creates appetite. 22. Priyangwaadi Gana Priyangu, Samangaa (Anjali-Kaarikaa or Lajjaalu), Dhaatakee, Punnaaga (Tunga), Naagapushpam, Chandanam, Kuchandanam, Mocharasa (Saalmali chupa), Rasaanjana Kumbheeka, Srotonjana, Padmakesara, Yojanavalli (Manjishta) and Deerghamoolaa (Duraalabhaa). 23. Ambashtaadi Gana Ambashtaa (Maachikaa), Dhaatakikusuma, Samangaa (Lajjalu), Katvanga (Araluka), Madhuka, Bilwapesikaa, (Baala Bhilwagirah), Saavararodhra (Lodhra), Palaasa, Nandeevriksha (Kaasmaree) and Padmakesaram. Both Priyangwaadi Gana and Ambashtaadi Gana are useful in Pakwaateesara. They cause Sandhaana (union of bones etc), are beneficial in Pitta and heal the ulcers (Vranaanaam chaapi Ropanou). 24. Nyagrodhaadi Gana Nyagrodha (Vata), Udumbara, Aswaththa, Plaksha, Madhuka, Kapeethana (Aamraataka), Kakubha, Aamra, Kosaamra, Chorakapatra (Laakshaavrikshaa), Jamboodwaya (Raajajamboo and Kaakajamboo – Swalpaphala), Piyaala (Saaradruma), Madhooka (Gudapushpa), Rohinee (Katphala), Vanjula (Vetasa), Kadamba, Badaree, Tindukee (Tinduka Vriksha), Sallakee, Rodhra, Saavararodhra, Bhallaataka, Palaasa and Nandeevriksha. Nyagrodhaadigana is beneficial in the treatment of Vranas (Vranyah); it is astringent (Sangraahee); it is useful in fractures (Bhagna Saadhaka). Further, it allays Raktapitta (Haemorrhage) and Daaha (burning sensation); it reduces Medas (obesity) and it is useful in Yonidosha (Yonivvaapat). 25. Gudoochyaadi Gana Gudoochi, Nimba, Kustamburu (Dhaanyakam), Chandanam and Padmakam. Gudoochyaadi gana checks all Jwaras (fevers and it increases appetite (Deepana). It allays’ Hrillaasa (nausea accompanied with hawking of mucous etc. from the mouth), Arochaka (Anorexia), Vami (Vomiting), thirst and burning sensation. 26. Utpalaadi Gana Utpala (Neelotpala), Raktotpala, Kumuda (Swetotpala) Sougandhika (a Sweet-scented blue lily different from Neelotphala), Kuvalaya, (Utpala having blue-white colour), Pundareeka (White lotus) and Madhukam (Yashtimadhu). Utpalaadigana allays Daaha (burning sensation), Pitta and Rakta, thirst, Visha (poisoning), Hridroga, Chardi (Vomiting) and Moorchaa (Syncope). 27. Mustaadi Gana Mustaa, Haridraa, Daaruharidraa, Hareetakee, Aamalaka, Vibheetaka, Kushta, Haimavatee (Vachaa), Paathaa, Katurohinee, Saarngeshtaa (Yavatiktaa), Ativishaa, Draavidee (Elaa), Bhallaataka and Chitraka. Mustakadi Gana reduces Kapha; it also cures Yonidosha and purifies breast-milk; it is digestive (Paachana). 28. Triphalaa Hareetakee, Aamalaka and Vibheetaka. Thriphala reduces Kapha and Pitta; it is useful in Prameha, Kushta; it is beneficial to eyes; it creates appetite and is useful in Vishamajwara. 29. Trikatukam Pippalee, Maricha and Sringabera (Sunthee). This is also called Tryooshanam and Vyosha. It reduces Kapha and Medas and is useful in Pramea, Kushta, Twagaamaya (Skin diseases); it creates appetite; it is useful in Gulma, Peenasa and Agnyalpataa (Poor digestion). 30. Aamalakyaadi Gana Aamalakee, Hareetakee, Pippalee and Chitraka. This Aamalakyaadigana is useful in all jwaras (fevers) is beneficial to eyes, is an aphrodisiac and cures Kaphaarochaka (Anorexia due to Kapha). 31. Trapwaadi Gana Trapu (Vangam-Tin), Seesa (Lead), Taamra (Copper) Raata (Silver), Krishna Loha (Steel), Suvarna (Gold), and Lohamala (Mandooram). Trapwaadigana is useful in gara (poisoning usually through food), worms (Krimi), thirst, Visha, Hridroga Paandu and Prameha. 32. Laakshaadi Gana Laakshaa, Aarevata (Kiramaalaka), Kutaja, Aswamaaraka (Karaveera), Katphala, Haridraa and Daaruharidraa, Nimba, Saptachchada, Maalatee and Traayamaanaa. Laakshaadi Gana is Kashaaya (astringent), bitter and sweet in taste; reduces ailments due to Kapha and Pitta; it is useful in Kushta and Krimi (worms); it also purifies Dushta vranas. 33. Kaneeya Panchamoola (or Hraswa Panchamoolam of Laghupanchamoola). Trikantaka (Gokshura), Brihatee, Kantakaari Prithakparnee and Vidaarigandhaa (Saalaparni). Kaneeya Panchamoola is Kashaaya, Tikta and Madhura in Rasa (taste); it reduces Vaata and ameliorates Pitta; it is Brimhana (tissue building) and increases strength (Balavardhanah). 34. Mahaa Panchamoola (Brihat Panchamoola) Bilwa, Agnimandha, Tuntuka (Syonaaka), Paatalaa and Kaasmaree. Mahaa Panchamoolam is bitter (tikta), checks Kapha and Vaata; it is Laghu in Paaka; it promotes appetite and it is slightly sweet in Rasa (Taste). 35. Dasamoola Both the above Panchamoolas (i.e.) kaneeya panchamoola and Mahaa Panchamoola mixed are called Dasamoola. Dasamoola (Gana) reduces Swaasa (hard breathing), it checks Kapha, Pitta and Vaayu; it digests Aama-Dosha and it is curative of all Jwaras (fevers). 36. Vallee Panchmoola Vidaaree, Saaribaa, Rajanee (Haridraa), Gudoochee, and Ajasringi. 37. Kantakapanchamoola Karamanda, Trikantaka, (Gokshura), Saireeyaka, Sataavaree and Grindhranakhee. Both the above ganas (Vallee Panchamoola and Kantaka Panchamoola are beneficial in Raktapitta and are useful in three kinds of Sopha (Aama, Pachyamaana and Pakwa), Prameha and purify Sukra. Laghupanchamoola and Mahaapanchamoola usually reduce Vaata; Trinapanchamoola reduces Pitta; the other two, namely, Valleepahchamoola and Kantaka Panchamoola, reduce Kapha. It should be understood that the substances in the groups (Ganas) may be altered, or individually used and variously combined according to the Doshaas, or Dooshyas etc. existing individually or in various combinations in a person.