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Graha Roga in Ayurveda

 


Introduction:
Charaka has explained it under Unmaada, as Aagantu Unmaada is caused due to the exogenous factors like Graha. Causative factor for the Aagantu Unmaada is Apras`hasta Karma which is caused due to the Pradnyaaparaadha. Due to Pradnyaaparaadha, a person insults the respected ones like Deva, Rishi, Pitri, Gandharva, Yaksha (living supernatural being / ghost), Raakshasa (demonical), Pis`haacha (class of demons, possibly so called either from their fondness for flesh), Guru (any venerable or respectable), Vriddha (experienced), Siddha (accomplished), Aachaarya (a spiritual guide or teacher), Poojya (an honorable man) etc. and they cause Unmaada.

Hetu
Pradnyaaparaadha is the only cause of the Bhoota Graha. These Graha seize a person whenever they found any misconduct in the behavior / blemish behavior.
Graha affect due to following motives.
        Himsaa (Asaadhya)
        Rati ( Saadhya )
        Abhyarchana ( Saadhya)

Favorable conditions for Grahabaadha:
These Graha seize a person in the following situations. Many of these situations denote improper behavior. Charaka has said that though these Graha, actually do not affect person unless and until he behaves wrongly.

        When person is cursed by Guru, Vriddha, Siddha, Maharshi etc.
        A person looks deceased ancestors (Pitri Dars`hana)
        A person touches Gandharva
        Paapa Kriyaa Aarambha (sinful act)
        Ultimate effect of Anisht`a Karma
        Lonely appearance of a person in crematorium
        Digvaasah (when a person is nude)
        Guru Nindaa (outraging the teachers)
        Avidhi Rati Sevana
        Para Sootaka Sankara
        Dinacharyaa Vyatikrama
        As`huchi (poor hygiene)
        Bhinna Maryaadaa (not following the conduct and order)
        Kshata (wounded condition)
        Himsaa (mischief)
        Vihaara (enjoyment / pleasure)
        Satkaara (for kind treatment / religious observance)


Classification of Graha Roga
Charaka classifies Graha Roga as Aagantu Unmaada. While Sus`hruta and Vaagbhat`a describe this condition as Graha Roga.

According to Charaka:
1.    Aagantu Unmaada (Deva Unmaada)
2.    S`haapa Unmaada
3.    Pitri Graha Unmaada
4.    Gandharva Unmaada
5.    Yaksha Unmaada
6.    Raakshasa Unmaada
7.    BrahmaRaakshasa Unmaada
8.    Pis`haacha Unmaada

According to Sus`hruta:
Sus`hruta has mentioned that there are 9 Baala Graha and 8 other Graha, which can seize the adults also.
1.    Skanda
2.    Skandaapsmaara (Vis`haakhaa)
3.    S`hakuni
4.    Revatee
5.    Pootanaa
6.    Andhapootana
7.    S`heetapootanaa
8.    Mukhaman`d`ikaa
9.    Naigamesha

According to Vaagbhat`a:
1.    Deva Graha
2.    Daanava Graha
3.    Gandharva Graha
4.    Sarpa Graha
5.    Yaksha Graha
6.    Brahma Raakshasa Graha
7.    Raakshasa Graha
8.    Pis`haacha Graha
9.    Pitri Graha
10.     Guru
11.     Vriddha
12.     Preta Graha
13.     Kushmaan`d`a
14.     Nishaada
15.     Maukiran`a
16.     Vetaala

There are actually so many Graha; but for convenience they are classified in to 9 types.
1.    Deva
2.    Devaanaam S`hatrugan`aah (Daitya)
3.    Gandharva Haahaa etc.
4.    Yaksha Kubera etc.
5.    Pitara Agnishvaatta etc.
6.    Bhujanga Vaasuki etc.
7.    Rakshas Heti, Prahiti etc.
8.    Pis`haacha Pis`hitaas`hana etc.
9.    Vaardhaka Himsaarthee Graha

Signs of a person seized:
According to Vaagbhat`a, Bhoota Graha can be judged by Dnyaanaadi Apaurusha. It means that there is sudden change in to the Dnyaana (Knowledge), Vidnyaana (intelligence), Vaak (speech), Chesht`aa (behaviour), Bala (strength) and Paurusha (masculinity).

When person is affected by Graha of Himsaa, a person behaves abnormally. He enters in to the fire, sinks in to the water, jumps in to the chasm; he beats himself with rope etc. He may try to suicide. It is Asaadhya.

Demoniac possession (Bhoota Graha) can be judged by the signs that a person seized by the Graha behaves and appears same as of the characters of the Bhoota in respect to Roopa, Prakriti, Bhaashaa, Gati, Chesht`aa.

This Amaanusha Upasarga (trouble by the super-humans) can be judged by the superhuman behavior of a person who is seized by the Graha.

Seizing time of the Bhoota Graha:
        S`hukla Pratipadaa and Trayodas`hee à by Sura (Deva) Graha
        Paurn`amaasee (Sus`hruta) àby Sura (Deva) Graha
        S`hukla Trayodas`hee and Krishn`a Dvaadas`hee àby Daanava (Daitya) Graha
        Sandhi Kaala (Sus`hruta) àAsura Graha
        Caturdas`hee and Dvaadas`hee àby Gandharva Graha
        Asht`amee (Sus`hruta) àby Gandharva Graha
        Panchamee (sus`hruta also tells this) àby Uraga / Sarpa / Naaga Graha
        S`hukla Saptamee and S`hukla Ekaadas`hee àby Dhanes`hvara Graha (Yaksha Graha)
        Pratipadaa (Sus`hruta) àby Dhanes`hvara Graha (Yaksha Graha)
        S`hukla Asht`mee, S`hukla Panchamee, S`hukla Paurn`amaasya àby Brahma Raakshasa
        Krishn`a Navamee Parva and Krishn`a Dvaadas`ha Parva àby Raakshasa and Pis`haachcha.
        Nis`hi (Sus`hruta) àby Raakshasa Graha
        Chaturdas`hee (Sus`hruta) àby Pais`haacha Graha
        Das`hamee, Amaavaasyaa, Asht`amee and Navamee àby Pitri Graha
        Krishn`a Kshaya (Amaavaasyaa) (Sus`hruta) àby Pitri Graha
        Sandhyaa Kaala àby Guru and Vriddha

When a person is affected for the purpose of Himsaa, a person enters in to the fire, sinks in to the water, jumps in to the chasm; he beats himself with rope etc. He may try to suicide. It is Asaadhya.

Prodromal symptoms of Aagantu Unmaada:-
        Himsaaruchitva
        Kopanatva
        Nris`hamsaabhipraayataa
        Arati
        Ojopatapti (Ohah Kaarya Baladi Rahitah)
        Varn`opatapti
        Chhaayopatapti
        Balopatapti
        Dehopatapti
        Threatening (Bhartsanaa) or incitement (Pravartana) by Deva etc. in the dream

Asaadhya Criteria:
        Kumaara Vrindaanugata Graha
        Nagna Purusha
        Uddhata Moordhaja Purusha
        Asvastha Manas Purusha
        Deergha Kaalika

 

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