Ayurvedic Treatment for Vitiligo and Leucoderma

Vitiligo & Leucoderma are two different terms used for the same skin disorders. But some causative difference is there in between vitiligo & Leucoderma. Basically Leucoderma is a Latin word which literally means ‘white skin’. It is popularly known as white patch also. It generally happens due to absence of melanin pigmentation over the skin.

Wisely we call it a ‘disorder’ as no pain and symptoms can be found in Vitiligo & Leucoderma. So, it can’t be termed as a disease. It may start with a small spot which later enlarge into a large white patch. It may be pale in colour initially but gradually it turns white with time due to complete loss of melanin pigmentation over affected areas. The shape and size of a white patch cannot be judged. The social value of Vitiligo & Leucoderma is dominant over its medical value preferably in India and almost all over the world due to its prominence over skin which differentiates a person from others. So, it’s treated more as a ‘social stigma’ rather than a medical disorder almost all over the world.
One thing has to be noted that Vitiligo & Leucoderma are non infectious & non transmittable as it’s a disorder with colour change only.

Although vitiligo patients are found almost all over the world but percentage of vitiligo sufferers are higher in India. Vitiligo patients include children, adolescents, adults (male & female) and elders also.

Cause of Vitiligo & Leucoderma

Cause of Leucoderma could be accidental as a cut, burn or an ulcer. With due reasons the melanocytes cells (which produce melanin pigment) become dormant or inactive. Due to this dormancy or inactivity the pigmentation gradually disappears from the skin layers and the skin converts white there resulting into a white patch.

However cause of Vitiligo could be improper hygiene, inappropriate food combinations, regular junk food intake, insecticide/pesticide treated green vegetable intake regularly, past history of Jaundice or Typhoid fever, harsh Antibiotic use etc. One important cause of Vitiligo could be sudden emotional trauma, stress. Due to mentioned one or many reasons formation of toxins happen inside human body which disturbs the human Immune system and the disturbed immunity system reaches to the condition of Autoimmunity (a condition in which immune system of body destroys its own cells & tissues). This Autoimmunity is the basic important reason of Vitiligo according to Ayurvedic as well as Allopathic system of medicine.

In Ayurveda the reason behind Autoimmunity is mostly improper hygiene which is termed ‘virudh ahar sevan’ (as eating fish & milk together). This results into toxin formation inside the body which ultimately disturbs the immune system due to which the pigment producing melanocytes cells gets inactive or degenerated and thus vitiligo is formed.

Although hereditary condition which is almost 10-15%, is also attached as the cause of Vitiligo. But this is not certain that all the kids of vitiligo affected parents develop Vitiligo. Several families can be found normal despite family history of Vitiligo.

Signs and pet areas of Vitiligo & Leucoderma

Vitiligo is symptomless. Only sign can be found as depigmented spots. The depigmented spots enlarge into white patch gradually. Pet areas of Vitiligo includes ear back, eyelids, lips, palms, palm back, face, scalp, around navel and mostly bony prominences as elbow, knee, ankles, finger joints etc. Mostly we found less blood circulation areas are more prone to vitiligo in human.

Vitiligo and Ayurveda

Ayurveda is the most ancient system of medicine. According to Ayurveda Vitiligo & Leucoderma are termed ‘Kilas’. It is further known as ‘Darun’, ‘Charun’ and ‘Switr’ as this is tridosaj. It is a skin disorder mainly due to inappropriate diet combination intake regularly and formed due to disturbance of tridosas namely ‘Vaat’, ‘Pitta’ and ‘Kapha’. After aggravation it moves & affects to rakta, mans and med dhatus.

Vitiligo cure

Vitiligo cure can be achieved with ancient Ayurvedic herbs which are basically meant for treating the root cause of diseases.  As Ayurveda enhances immunity power by improving metabolism of the body, lack of which is the only known reason for Vitiligo & Leucoderma. This theory is well applicable in complete vitiligo cure and leucoderma cure also as ancient  Ayurveda is a treasure of different herbal combinations which can really cure vitiligo & leucoderma as in both auto immunity is the basic to the point reason.

These four points has to be considered & remembered for full Vitiligo cure & Leucoderma cure which are:-
1. To choose correct ayurvedic doctor (mainly herbal vitiligo specialist) , 2. To have patience & to develop positive thinking, 3. To strictly follow dietary restrictions & to follow add on advises of ayurvedic doctor, and 4. To have faith on treatment.


Daily consume vegetables having a bitter taste like drumsticks, and bitter gourd.


The patient must totally shun diet having salt. The medications work best when the patient stops taking salt.

However, if the patient fails to have meal without salt, then he/she can have rock-salt in very small quantities.

Also shun all forms of pungent and spicy food items.


Such people must retire early to bed at night. Sound and adequate sleep is mandatory for the patients. They must avoid burning the midnight oil.

The patient should not over-expose himself or herself to excessive cold or heat conditions.


Ayurveda first tackles chronic forms of constipation, indigestion and/or dysentery. It is only when all or any of these three abnormalities of the body are cured that Leucoderma can be dealt with permanently

Patients suffering from Leucoderma must cure constipation. Regular movement of bowels is essential for the purgation of the accumulated toxic substances within the body. The best Ayurvedic medication to ensure daily bowel movements is Triphala powder. (Please check the section on constipation cure).

Mentionably, constipation as well as Leucoderma is aggravated by psychic factors. Therefore, such patients must always stay away from situations that cause mental strain. They should always remain free from anxiety, worry and all forms of mental tension.


The laxatives and carminatives commonly recommended in this condition contain the primary ingredient Katuki.

Katuki corrects all impairment of the liver. Thus, Katuki stimulates this important bile secreting internal organ of the patient. In the process, the main cause of Leucoderma is tackled.

Katuki also contains copper in its bhasma (dust) form. Copper is ideal for synthesization of melanin pigments as well as for boosting metabolism.


For effectively tackling chronic dysentery or indigestion, the most effective Ayurvedic drugs are Gunja, Bakuci, Bhallataka, and Kutaja.


The medicated oil -- Gunja -- is prepared by boiling the ingredient that goes by the same name.

The patient suffering from Leucoderma must use this Gunja oil at least thrice daily over the affected and surrounding portions.


Bakuci is commonly prescribed in both Allopathic and Ayurvedic schemes of treatments. Bakuci is manufactured from the seeds of Bakuci plant.

The Bakuci medication is a paste to be applied externally.


The decoction is prepared with powder of Bakuci seeds mixed with the powdery forms of Amalaki and Khadira.

The Dose : The patient should consume half a teaspoon of this decoction twice daily.