Varuna and Kidney Stones

Renal Stone

Varuna is an Ayurvedic herb prized in the management of renal conditions. Several studies have substantiated its healing properties and very low toxicity.

Varuna (Crataeva nurvala) is a medicinal plant found throughout most of India and Bangladesh. This plant flourishes in arid, sub-Himalayan regions, and is often found near temples where it is cultivated for its healing properties. Varuna is a member of the the caper family (Capparidaceae) and may be referred to as "3-Leaved Caper," "Baruna" or "Borun." It develops into a medium-sized evergreen tree with large, greenish-white flowers and hard fruit.

Properties of Plant Parts

Leaves, bark, and roots are regularly incorporated in medicinal preparations. Leaves, having a rubefacient property, are often used topically to dilate superficial capilaries and stimulate circulation. Taken internally, it is used to reduce fever. The root is used to increase appetite, while stimulating digestion and elimination. Bark appears to have antioxidant, contraceptive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and urinary-renal supportive qualities.

Kidney Stones and Renal Health

While varuna is enlisted in the treatment of many ailments, the bark appears especially indicated in the management of urinary tract conditions like kidney stones, infection, and enlarged prostate. Several animal studies have confirmed that varuna interferes with the creation of oxalate-type kidney stones. This may be due to inhibition of oxylate-forming pathways involving the enzyme glycollate oxidase in the liver. Varuna bark may be an effective prophylaxis in the management of chronic renal stone formation (urolithiasis), while reducing inflammation during stone passage.