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Antidiabetic Herbs of Ayurveda
Antidiabetic herbs helps in control or reduction of high levels of glucose in the blood in case of diabetes mellitus. There are different types of diabetes herbs, and their use depends on the nature of the diabetes, age and situation of the person, as well as other factors.
Botanical Name : Achillea Millefolium
Family Name : Asteraceae
Common Name : Common Yarrow, Bloodwort, Sneezewort, Solider’s Friend.
Part Used : Whole Plant
Habitat : Found in the himalayas at an altitude of 1,000 - 3,600 m from kashmir to kumaun.
Product offered : Flowers
Uses : It is anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, cholagogue, diuretic, digestive, emmenagogue, stimulant, homeostatic, vasodilator and tonic.
It is useful in curing cold, influenza, heavy chest colds, chicken pox, diabetes, fever, flu’s, measles, menses, menorrhagia, soreness, piles, stomach sickness, flatulence, heartburn, colic, liver diseases, toothache, ulcers, infections, swelling and urinary diseases. It is also helpful in curing internal and external bleeding, blood clots, and act as blood-purifier and tones blood vessels. The leaves and flower heads are used as a tonic and vapour bath for fever. It has hypotensive effect
Botanical Name : Adiantum Capillus
Family Name : Pteridaceae
Common Name : Maidenhair Fern, Lady Fern.
Part Used : Fronds, Leaves And Rhizomes.
Habitat : Woodland garden; dappled shade; shady edge and cultivated beds.
Product offered : Leaves, Wholeplant
Uses : Maidenhair fern is antioxidant, astringent, liver bile stimulator, blood cleanser, cardiotonic decongestant, detoxifier, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, depurative, antidandruff, vermifuge, hepatoprotective, hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, stimulant and tonic. It is mainly useful in respiratory problems, hair loss, gallstones, liver problems, wounds, diabetes, skin problems, diarrhea, and dysentery. It is helpful to cure jaundice, convulsions and many chronic diseases.
Leaves are edible and used in making tea and other refreshing drinks. Leaves are used as garnished material on foods. It breaks up stone in the bladder, spleen, and kidneys. Paste of leaves is useful in headaches and chest pains.
Botanical Name : Azadirachta Indica
Family Name : Meliaceae
Common Name : Lilac, Margosa Tree, Neem, Neem Chal
Part Used : Leaves, Flower, Oil, Seed.
Habitat : It is evergreen and grows throughout india.
Product offered : Bark,Leaves,Seeds,Fruit,Oil,Flower,Stem
Uses : It acts as vermifuge, insecticide, astringent, tonic and antiseptic. It possess anti diabetic, anti bacterial and anti viral properties and used successfully in cases of stomach, worms and ulcers. Root barks possess astringent, tonic and antiperiodic properties. It is also useful in malarial fever. The oil is used in making neem-based soaps, shampoos and toothpaste. Leaves are used to cure chicken pox. It is also used in the treatment of acne and has blood purifying property.
Botanical Name : Callicarpa Macrophylla
Family Name : Verbenaceae
Common Name : Beauty Berry
Part Used : Flowers, Fruits
Habitat : Western himalaya from kashmir to assam, arunachal pradesh and in northern andhra pradesh, also in maharashtra, uttar pradesh and uttaranchal.
Product offered : Leaves, Fruit
Uses : The flowers and fruits are bitter, sweet, astringent, acrid, anodyne, stomatitis, expectorant, depurative, anthelmintic, deodorant, digestive, styptic, febrifuge and good tonic.
Flowers and fruits are useful in rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, catarrh, anorexia, headache, foul ulcers, flatulence, colic diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, burning sensation, excessive sweating, diabetes, vomiting, fever and general debility. Leaves are useful in gout and arthralgia. Root is chewed to relieve rashes on the tongue.
Botanical Name : Cordyceps Sinensis
Family Name : Clavicipitaceae
Common Name : Cordyceps Mushroom, Caterpillar Fungus, Chongcao, Deer Fungus Parasite, Dong Chong Xia Cao, Chong Cao.
Part Used : Fruits
Habitat : Native to the himalayan mountains in india, tibet at an altitude ranging from 3000 to 5000 metre and in some provinces of china.
Product offered : Fruits, Mushroom
Uses : It is used in various treatments including immunologic, antiarrythmic, hypoglycemic, antieoplastic and erythropoietic effects. It is used to strengthen the body after exhaustion or long-term illness and for impotence, neurasthenia, backache cough, anemia, tuberculosis, lower back pain, infertility, irregular menstruation, night sweats and senile weakness. It has been used as an aid in organ transplant surgery and for the treatment of viral hepatitis and lupus. It is also helpful in reducing high cholesterol and improving male function. It fights against stress, control blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure, reduce cancer risk and help the kidney against damage caused by the drugs cyclosporin and gentamycin. It has anti-ageing and anti-oxidant properties. Also used in the treatment of fatigue and weakness.
Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis
Family Name : Moraceae
Common Name : Banyan, Vada Tree, Indian Banyan, Figuier Des Pagodes, East Indian Figtree
Part Used : Aerial Root, Bark, Leaves, Buds, Fruits, Latex.
Habitat : Throughout india from sea-level to 1200 m.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Whole plant, Fruit
Uses : According to Ayurveda, it is astringent to bowels and very useful in treatment of biliousness, vaginal complains, fever, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, inflammations and leprosy. According to Unani system of medicine, latex is maturant, lessens inflammations, aphrodisiac, tonic, vulernary and is useful in piles, nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic and is useful in syphilis, biliousness, dysentery and inflammation of liver. It acts as an astringent, antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, hemostatic and antihemorrhoidal. The tree is widely planted for shade and its leafs are used for fodder.
Botanical Name : Gymnema Sylvestre
Family Name : Asclepiadaceae
Common Name : Periploca Of The Woods, Gudmar
Part Used : Whole Plant, Leaves
Habitat : Throughout india, in dry forest upto 600m.
Product offered : Leaves
Uses : The plant is acrid, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, liver tonic,emetic and diuretic. It is useful in hepatosplenomegaly, dypepsia, constipation, jaundice, halminthiasis, cardiopathy and amenorrhoea. The fresh leaves when chewed have the remarkable property of paralysing the sense of taste for sweet and bitter substance for some time. It lowers blood sugar level and is good for the treatment both types of Diabetes. The herb is useful for stimulating the heart; it increases urine secretion.
Botanical Name : Helicteres Isora
Family Name : Sterculiaceae
Common Name : East Indian Screw Tree, Nut Leaved Screw Tree.
Part Used : Root, Bark And Fruits.
Habitat : Throughout india in deciduous forests.
Product offered : Pods
Uses : The roots and stem barks are expectorant, demulcent, astringent, constipating, lactifuge and antiglactagogue. They are useful in colic, scabies, biliousness, thoracic empyema, gastric problems, diabetes, diarrhea and dysentery.
Fruits are acrid, astringent, refrigerant, demulcent, stomachic, vermifuge, and haemostatic. They are useful in ophthalmic, flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, wounds, ulcers, hemorrhages and diabetes. The powdered seeds are used to cure ulcers in ears, dysentery and stomachache. It has Insulin-sensitizing and hypolipidemic property and has the potential for use in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Root juice is used in antidiarrhoeal and antidysenteric formulations.
Botanical Name : Momordica Charantia
Family Name : Cucurbitaceae
Common Name : Bitter Melon, Bitter Gourd, Balsam Pear, Balsam Apple, Melega Saga
Part Used : Fruits, Seeds
Habitat : It is widely cultivated in india.
Product offered : Seeds, Fruits
Uses : It has been used extensively in folk medicine as a remedy for diabetes. In Ayurveda, the fruit is considered as emetic, laxative, antibilous, tonic, stomachic, stimulant and alternative. It has been found to be extremely good in Diabities.
The fruit is useful in gout, rheumatism and subacute cases of the spleen and liver diseases. It is supposed to purify blood and dissipate melancholia and gross humours. It has also been shown to have hypoglycaemic properties (anti-diabetic) in animal as well as human studies. It is Kapha and Pitta suppressant and due to its property it is very helpful in cooling the body so as suppresses the skin related problems caused by excess of Pitta. Due to its bitter taste, it is useful in suppressing the worm infestation.
Botanical Name : Phyllanthus Niruri
Family Name : Euphorbiaceae
Common Name : Phyllanthus Plant, Child Pick-a-back, Gulf Leafflower, Black Catnip, Meniran, Chanca Piedra, Shatterstone, Stone Breaker, Quebra Pedra, Gale Of Wind, Carry Me Seed, Creole Senna, Daun Marisan
Part Used : Whole Plant
Habitat : Common in central and southern india extending to srilanka.
Product offered : Wholeplant
Uses : Phyllanthus blocks DNA polymerase, the enzyme needed for the hepatitis B virus to reproduce. It also prevent from jaundice,diabetes, dyspepsia, ulcers, sores, swellings, ophthalmia and chronic dysentery. Whole plant is useful for the treatment of some forms of gonorrhea, menorrhagia, dropsy, menorrhagia and other genito- urinary affections of a similar type. A poultice of the leaves mixed with salt cures itch and other skin affections. It is bitter, astringent, cold, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and useful in liver disorders, cough, asthma, jaundice, spleen disorders. Phyllanthus may help decrease the amount of hepatitis B virus found in the blood stream.
Botanical Name : Pongamia Pinnata
Family Name : Fabaceae (leguminaceae)
Common Name : Indian Beech, Poongam Oil Tree, Honge, Ponge.
Part Used : Root, Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Seed Oil
Habitat : Pongamia is widely distributed in tidal and beach forests of india.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : Pongamia seeds and oil is anthelmintic, styptic, and depurative. It is useful in rheumatism arthritis, whooping cough, skin alinments and scabies. Seed oil is mainly used in cosmetics, in soap making and as a lubricant. Seed oil is also used as insecticidal, nematicidal and bactericidal.
Flowers are useful to quench dipsia in diabetes and for alleviating vata and kapha.
Leaves are digestive, laxative and useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhea, leprosy and cough.
Bark is anthelmintic and used in pesticides. Dried leaves are used in stored grains to repel insects. The bark also yields a black gum that is used to treat wounds caused by poisonous fish.
Botanical Name : Pterocarpus Marsupium
Family Name : Fabaceae
Common Name : Indian Kino Tree, Malabar Kino Tree, Kino
Part Used : Heart Wood, Leaves,flowers.
Habitat : The drier, hilly zones of dry deciduous forest.
Product offered : Wood
Uses : The heartwood of pterocarpus marsupium is astringent, bitter acrid, anti inflammatory, anthelmintic and anodyne. It is considered magical for diabetes. It turns the water blue as soon as it comes in contact with the water. It is good for elephantiasis, leucoderma, diarrhoea, dysentery, rectalgia, cough and greyness of hair. The bark is used as an astringent and in toothache.
The bruised leaves are considered useful as an external application for boils, sores and skin diseases.
Botanical Name : Aegle Marmelos
Family Name : Rutaceae
Common Name : Bael, Quince, Apple Wood, Holy Fruit Tree
Part Used : Bark,fruit Pulp, Leaves.
Habitat : Found all over decidious forests in india.
Product offered : Fruits, Leaves, Bark, Fruit pulp
Uses : It is antiscorbutic, carminative, alternative and nutritive. It is used in constipation, dysentery and diarrhoea. It is aromatic, astringent, cooling, febrifuge and also acts as tonic for heart and brain. Unripe & half-ripe fruits are used to improve appetite and digestion.
Leaves are used for treating diabetes, jaundice, cholera, asthma and ophthalmia.
Botanical Name : Salacia Reticulata
Family Name : Hippocrateacaea
Common Name : Salacia, Kotalahimbatu, Marking Nut Tree, Saptarangi.
Part Used : Roots
Habitat : Throughout india mainly in forests.
Product offered : Roots
Uses : The roots are bitter, acrid, vulnerary, liver tonic and stomachic.
They are useful in conditions of vata, diabetes, leprosy, skin diseases and colic. It was attributed to its intestinal a-glucosidase inhibitory activity. A-Glucosidase inhibitors retard the digestion and hence absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine that prevents the increase in blood glucose concentration after a carbohydrate load. It shows hepatoprotective effects and also used as liver tonic. It is effective in case of rheumatism, skin diseases and inflammation.
Botanical Name : Stevia Rebaudiana
Family Name : Astraceae
Common Name : Stevia, Sweet Leaf, Sugar Leaf, Sweet Honey Leaf, Rebiana.
Part Used : Leaves
Habitat : Cultivated in india.
Product offered : Leaves
Uses : Stevia is zero calorie natural sweetener, hypoglycemic, cardiotonic, vasodilator, antimicrobial, digestive tonic, diuretic, antihypertensive and appetite stimulant.
It is useful in obesity, diabetes, gingivitis, acne, digestive problems, cuts, wounds, mouthsores, heartburn, seborrhea, eczema, dermatitis, inflammations, and high blood pressure. It is used in mouthwash, toothpaste and used to kill mouth bacteria.
It is used as sweetener in confectionery, beverage and food industry. It is also used in cosmetic industries in skin shinning and anti-wrinkle creams. It helps the body sustain a feeling of vitality and well-being and used externally for blemishes.
Stimulate alertness and counter fatigue, facilitate digestion and gastrointestinal functions.
Botanical Name : Swertia Chirata
Family Name : Gentianaceae
Common Name : Clearing Nut Tree, Bitter Stick, Chirette Indian, Dowa I Pechish, Indian Gentian
Part Used : Seeds
Habitat : Found in the temperate himalayas at altitudes of 1,200-3,000 m. from kashmir to bhutan and in the khasi hills in meghalaya at 1,200-1,500 m.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : According to Ayurveda, this herb is a bitter tonic, stomachic. It is useful in liver disorders, eyes, heart. A strongly bitter tonic it is an excellent remedy for a weak stomach, especially when this gives rise to nausea, indigestion and bloating and it has also been shown to protect the liver.
It is best known as the main ingredient in Mahasudarshana churna, a remedy containing more than 50 herbs. It also contains xanthones which are reputedly effective against malaria and tuberculosis, and also amarogentin, a glycoside that may protect the liver against carbon tetrachloride poisoning.
The whole plant is an excellent drug for intermittent fevers, skin diseases intestinal worms, bronchial asthma, burning of the body, regulating the bowels. The root of the plant is useful in checking hiccups and vomiting. It is used in the liquor industry as a bitter ingredient.
Botanical Name : Syzygium Cumini
Family Name : Myrtaceae
Common Name : Eugenia Jambolana, Plum, Black Plum, Jaman, Jambolan
Part Used : Seeds, Leaves, Fruits, Bark
Habitat : Throughout india, in forests upto 1,800 m usually along river banks and also cultivated.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Bark, Fruits
Uses : The leaves are antibacterial, and are used for strengthening the teeth and gums. The fruit and seeds are sweet, acrid, sour, tonic and cooling. They are used in diabetes, diarrhoea and ringworm. The bark is astringent, sweet sour, diuretic, digestive and anthelmintic. Leaves are used as poultices on skin diseases. Decoction of the fruit is used in case of enlargement of the spleen.