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Different types of Chikitsa in Ayurveda
In literal terms chikitsa means treatment i.e. the manner in which the medicines are applied, what medicines are to be applied or consumed to establish harmony between the doshas and root out the disequilibrium between the factors responsible for the physiological functions of the body i.e. Health.
Classification of Chikitsa
Ekvidh Chikitsa (one type)
It refers to the factors or the causes of the disease that promote the disequilibrium between the dosha, dhatu & mala, eventually leading to samprapti (pathogenesis) of the disease.
It refers to the factors that must be left as they cause disequilibrium and disharmony among the dosha, dhatu & mala. Example: dadhi i.e. curds (yogurt) excessive consumption of curds leads to vitiation of Kapha dosha causing Diabetes mellitus. Hence to quit (stop eating yogurts i.e. excessive consumption of the same).
Dvividh (two types)
This refers to remedies applied for the prevention of the disease to maintain good health. On the basis of usage or purpose for which this remedy is used Urjaskar is further divided into the two following categories:
These are the remedies applied for rejuvenation and are associated with physical & physiological aspects of health also
These are the remedies applied for increasing the sexual vigor in human beings. It is notable that Rasayan & Vajikaran serve preventive medicine and therapeutics both along with social medication.
This refers tot he remedies applied to cure a particular ailment. These remedies are classified as follows:
This refers to the treatments that are applied to cure the disease but it is unable to prevent the recurrence of disease.
This refers to the treatments that are able to curb the recurrence of the disease.
This refers to all the therapeutics used to treat diseases.
This refers to the methods used to cure other than therapeutics.
Example: Bhaya (fear), Vismapan (to perplex the patient), Vyayam (exercise) and Upavas (fasting)
Trividh Chikitsa (three-types)
This refers to faith healing or the methods related to belief of any individual. Generally all these methods have a religious reasoning behind them. These include uses of mantra- Jap (in the form of prayers), Aushadhi- Dharan (for e.g. to wear beads of Rudraksha), Tirthyatra (to visit religious shrines) to offer prayers to god.
It refers to the ideas implied to decide a concrete regimen for the management of the treatment and medication of the patient.
Example: combinations of medicines, main doses etc depending upon factors like age, severity of the disease etc.
It refers to the remedies that are concerned with physiological aspects of treatment that eventually leads to physical and physiological well being.
Trividh Chikitsa Upakram (Three types of therapies)
This refers to the medicines that are consumed orally.
This refers to the medicines that are consumed for local application.
This refers to the remedies that are in the form of surgical procedures involving the use of surgical instruments.